Much of the year has been spent around the world dealing with the coronavirus and related events and conflicts.
The beginning of the year 2020, which encompassed the whole world and enlightened mankind with new things, is about to end with this.
Here we are talking about the global epidemic of coronavirus which is the only case affecting humans in the modern world that is not only as common at the end of the year as it was at the beginning but also a year later Even so, owning one is still beyond the reach of the average person.
While much of the year around the world has been devoted to the coronavirus and related events and conflicts, there have been other important global events that we are recording here.
→The assassination of the Iranian general and related matters
On the third day after the beginning of the year 2020, the biggest news that came out was the death of Maj. Gen.
Qasim Soleimani, the head of the Quds Force of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards, in a US airstrike. It was a big blow to Iran.
On January 5, just two days after the incident, Iran announced its complete withdrawal from the 2015 nuclear deal with world powers, from which the United States had already distanced itself.
At the same time, the administration of Iranian President Hassan Rouhani had said that “Iran will not limit its uranium enrichment to the amount of stored enriched uranium in research and development in its nuclear activities.”
However, after the surprising victory of Democratic candidate Joe Biden in the US election in November, Iran offered to fully comply with the 2015 nuclear deal if the US lifted economic sanctions on Tehran.
Earlier, in response to tensions over the death of General Qasem Soleimani, head of the Al-Quds Force, Iran fired ballistic missiles at two US and allied military bases in Iraq.
Iran claimed that 80 US troops had been killed in the attack, and said that US helicopters and military equipment had been “severely damaged”.
However, the US Central Command revealed that 11 US soldiers were wounded in the missile strikes on US military bases by Iran and no casualties were reported.
The Pentagon later said in a statement that 34 soldiers had been diagnosed with brain injuries following the Iranian missile strikes on a base in Iraq.
On the other hand, countries trying to keep the 2015 deal on Iran’s nuclear program alive still insist that the possibility of a US withdrawal from the deal under the new US administration be resolved in a positive way.
Had urged Iran not to miss the opportunity to save the deal, which is called the last window.
→New Delhi riots
Demonstrations against the passage of the controversial Citizenship Act have been going on in various parts of India since late 2019, and these demonstrations have turned violent on several occasions, during which the situation has remained particularly tense.
However, during the first visit of US President Donald Trump to India in February this year, the protests in the Indian capital New Delhi on February 23 suddenly turned into serious religious riots.
Here we are going to tell you about the Citizenship Amendment Bill that the Citizenship Amendment Act was passed by the Indian Parliament on December 11, 2019, under which Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists coming to India from 3 neighboring countries before December 31, 2014, Jains, Parsis, and Christians will be given Indian citizenship while Muslims were not included in the list.
As a result of the riots in the Indian capital, at least 53 people were killed and more than 200 were injured, most of them Muslims.
It was also revealed that the Delhi Police had deliberately targeted Muslims in the riots.
In its report, Amnesty International said that in the riots, the Delhi Police committed serious human rights violations, the Delhi Police tortured and arrested the protesters, while the Hindu side supported the attackers.
The Amnesty report said that “Muslims suffered three times as much damage as Hindus in these riots, in which Muslim properties and businesses were also set on fire.”
→US-Taliban peace deal
A historic peace agreement was signed between the United States and the Taliban on February 29, 2020, to end the war in Afghanistan that began after the 2001 attack on the World Trade Center in New York.
A peace deal with the Taliban has been negotiated by Afghan and US leaders for over a decade, with the Taliban setting up a political office in Doha, Qatar, in 2013, but it gained momentum when the Trump administration announced in September. In 2019, Zalmai Khalilzad, an Afghan national, was appointed a special envoy for the Afghan peace process.
Pakistan was represented at the signing ceremony by Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi, as well as representatives from about 50 countries, and a 31-member Taliban delegation to the Qatari capital in anticipation of the signing ceremony. I was present
Under the agreement, the next step in peace in war-torn Afghanistan was inter-Afghan talks, which stipulated direct talks between the Afghan government and the Taliban and the exchange of prisoners to pave the way and build mutual trust.
A peace deal between the United States and the Taliban promised to exchange 5,000 Taliban prisoners in exchange for the release of 1,000 Afghan security forces prisoners.
However, the move was delayed and regular release began in April, after which the Afghan government and the Taliban continued to release prisoners from time to time.
However, Afghan authorities refused to release 400 dangerous Taliban prisoners. Hesitantly, they were finally released after the approval of the Loya Jirga.
In September of this year, for the first time, inter-Afghan talks began between the Afghan government and Taliban representatives in Doha, the capital of Qatar.
→Prince Harry and Meghan Markle’s exit from the royal family
Leaving the glittering world of Hollywood to join the royal family, Meghan Markle and her husband Prince Harry, the son of British Prince Charles and Lady Diana, announced their resignation from the throne earlier this year.
View this post on Instagram
The two surprised everyone by abruptly relinquishing their royal responsibilities on January 9, early 2020. The Queen later confirmed their decision, after which on January 19 the royal palace visited Prince Harry and Meghan Markle announced the end of her monarchy.
A statement from the British royal family stated that “Prince Harry and Meghan Markle will no longer be in charge of the royal palace, nor will they be part of the royal palace.”
Born into the royal family, Harry will be called a prince, but he will have no royal status, meaning he will no longer be recognized as an official member of the royal family in any country, as well as his social and business activities and will not be able to use royal honors.
As a result, on March 10, the British royal couple Prince Harry and his wife Meghan Markle formally parted ways.
The day before, Prince Harry and Meghan Markle, as members of the royal family, attended a ceremony at the royal palace on March 9, their last ceremony with royal status.
The couple initially moved to Canada, but later settled in the United States, where they want to become independent, working independently in the fields of entertainment, fashion, sports, and health, as well as creating separate identities.
→Fires in many parts of the world
Forest fires in Australia, a region of the world, have continued to wreak havoc on large-scale wildlife since 2019, but in 2020 there were more fires that garnered international attention. ۔
According to a report, the fire spread to more than 115,000 square kilometers (44,000 square miles) of forest and drought-affected land across Australia, killing 30 people and destroying thousands of homes.
A study by the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) found that the unusual fire killed 3 billion animals or left the affected area and was “one of the worst wildlife catastrophes in modern history.” ۔
→A bomb blast near the Lebanese capital, Beirut, on August 25 shook buildings for miles, killing more than 190 people and injuring 6,000.
Stunning video shows explosions just minutes ago at Beirut port pic.twitter.com/ZjltF0VcTr
— Borzou Daragahi 🖊🗒 (@borzou) August 4, 2020
It was initially thought that the blast may have been a terrorist act, but a few days later an investigation revealed that the blast was caused by 2,700 tonnes of new ammonium nitrate that had been in the warehouse for six years.
The blast was so loud that its sound could be heard as far as the border town of neighboring Israel, while 250 people were displaced by the damage.
Citizens staged anti-government protests after the blast, which prompted then-Prime Minister Hassan Deb to resign on August 11, including the cabinet.
Despite resigning, he continued to serve as caretaker prime minister and set up a judicial commission headed by a senior judge to investigate the blast, which accused Prime Minister Hussein Deb and three other ministers of negligence. That they are responsible for the explosion.
According to the report, the judicial commission found evidence that Prime Minister Hassan Deb had been alerted to the presence of hazardous materials in the warehouse and was also told that a major accident could occur at any time.
In August, fires broke out not only in Beirut but in a total of 7 countries in just 4 days.
Countries, where the incidents took place, included China, Lebanon, France, North Korea, Iraq, the United Arab Emirates, and Saudi Arabia.
→Many Muslim countries recognized Israel
Proponents of Palestine, especially Muslims, were shocked in August this year when the influential United Arab Emirates (UAE) signed a peace deal with Israel to normalize relations.
The so-called ‘Abraham Agreement’, which has now exposed the long-standing secret relationship between Israel and other Gulf states, was based on concerns over Iran, a common rival in the region in recent years.
The agreement was announced by US President Donald Trump, who also predicted that other countries in the region would follow in the footsteps of the UAE, and his claim was later substantiated.
In this regard, the United Arab Emirates had said that the peace agreement with Israel is a bold step that will help resolve the long-running conflict between Israel and Palestine.
Later, on August 29, the UAE repealed the Israeli boycott clause in its law, and not only did relations between the two countries return to normal, but various steps were taken to increase people-to-people contacts.
Bahrain was the fourth Muslim country, after the UAE, to announce the resumption of diplomatic relations with Israel, after Egypt in 1979 and Jordan in 1994.
Announcing this, the US President said in his message in Hebrew that “I want to tell the citizens of Israel that this evening we have succeeded in concluding a peace agreement with another Arab state and this agreement is the United Arab Emirates.” The peace deal with the UAE will lead to historic peace in the light of the agreement.
— Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) September 15, 2020
The United Arab Emirates and Bahrain formally signed a landmark agreement on September 15 to restore ties with Israel in the presence of President Donald Trump in the United States.
This did not stop there, but then another Muslim country, Sudan, announced the normalization of its relations with Israel.
Sudan’s decision was also symbolic because in 1967, in its capital, Khartoum, the Arab League decided not to recognize Israel.
Furthermore, under US mediation, Morocco and Israel agreed to establish relations, under which Morocco will establish full diplomatic relations and official contacts with Israel, and with the permission of flights in the airspace, Israel and all This would include allowing flights for Israelis.
Later, Bhutan, a South Asian country, was added to the list of countries having relations with Israel.
The signing ceremony was held at the home of the Israeli Ambassador to India Ron Malka.
→US presidential election
While the year 2020 has not been a happy one for many, it has also been a shock to US President Donald Trump, who has lost his grip on power after the first term.
Voting for the US presidential election also takes place by post and begins several days before the official polling day, due to the global outbreak. Exercised your right to vote by mail.
According to reports, 102 million Americans cast their ballots before polling day, yet millions of people lined up on election day to elect their ruler.
Counting was delayed due to a large number of postal ballots, and for three days after the election, there was ongoing controversy and uncertainty over the results. Meanwhile, Donald Trump’s election fraud and ridiculous claims of victory were also done.
However, on the evening of November 7, the 78-year-old Democratic candidate, Joe Biden, was declared the winner with more than 270 electoral votes.
JOE BIDEN DEFEATS PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP
The Associated Press declares Joe Biden the winner of a grueling campaign for the American presidency. He will lead a polarized nation through a historic collision of health, economic and social crises. #APracecall pic.twitter.com/lInwqjX3PB
— The Associated Press (@AP) November 7, 2020
On the other hand, US President Donald Trump, as expected, refused to concede defeat in the presidential election, accusing the Democrats of rigging the election and not only made this claim but also went to court in this regard.
A lawsuit filed in the Supreme Court by Texas Attorney General Ken Paxton called for the annulment of 10 million votes in four states, Pennsylvania, Georgia, Michigan, and Wisconsin, all of which President Trump lost. Of the 50 U.S. states, 17 and 120 Republican lawmakers also supported the move.
However, the US Supreme Court rejected President Donald Trump’s last attempt to stay in the White House, dismissing a lawsuit invalidating the November 3 election results.
Finally, on December 14, the US Electoral College declared Joe Biden the winner of the 2020 election, ending a 40-day standoff over his refusal to concede defeat to Donald Trump.
After being elected US President, Biden will be sworn in as the 46th President of the country on January 20, after which the process of power will be completed.
→Global pandemic coronavirus
Now, as we take a quick look at the global situation throughout the year, the most prominent and most comprehensive article is the coronavirus, without which it is impossible to record this year.
The virus appeared in China at the end of 2019 and spread around the world. By March, Italy was the most affected country, but since then the epidemic has spread to the United States, the world’s most developed country. He was so stunned that he could not recover.
The origin of the virus is still thought to be that it was transmitted from animals to humans, first by bats and then by penguins, which have been blamed for its spread. It has not been confirmed whether it was transmitted from animals to humans or if there is another secret behind it.
There was a war of words between China and the United States, with the United States explicitly accusing the virus of being developed in a laboratory in Wuhan, Chen, as well as testing sensitive biotechnology laboratories in China. Demand also kept coming up.
While the United States has called the Coronavirus a Chinese epidemic, China has accused the United States of bringing Corona to its hometown of Wuhan, but such allegations have not been substantiated. Restricted to embellish statements and media news.
Initially, most countries tried to minimize public contact to prevent the spread of the epidemic, and for this purpose, lockdowns were imposed, which included all kinds of business, social, recreational, religious centers in addition to much-needed facilities.
However, given the slowdown in the spread of the virus and the economic downturn, developing countries, as well as developed countries, have been forced to end the lockdown and revive the economy. The epidemic has slowed but not stopped. ۔
Thus, with the onset of winter, the virus re-emerged in the form of a second wave, and now partial and the sometimes complete lockdown has been imposed in most countries.
Encouragingly, however, the corona vaccine has been formally approved worldwide and is still being vaccinated in many countries, but by the last decade of the year, the pandemic has reached more than 77 million people worldwide. Of these, more than 43.4 million had managed to recover, while about 1.7 million had passed away.
The latest development in this area is that a new strain of Coronavirus has emerged in the UK, this new strain was discovered in the UK in mid-December and on December 19 the World Health Organization was informed that the Coronavirus This new species is spreading faster than others.
On the other hand, several countries around the world have banned travel to the UK in order to prevent the spread of a new strain of coronavirus in the southern part of England.
In addition, the British Prime Minister Boris Johnson immediately ended the Christmas plans of millions of people and imposed strict sanctions.